Originally founded in 1817 as a hospital outpost for Mission Dolores, Mission San Rafael Arcángel was the first mission founded north of the San Francisco Bay.
1104 Fifth Ave, San Rafael, CA 94901
December 14, 1817
The Archangel St. Raphael.
Coast Miwok, Wappo and Pomo.
Wheat, barley, corn, beans, peas, lentils, garbanzos, pears, grapes.
Small replica chapel next to the larger parish church. Three of the original bells and painting of the mission’s patron, St. Raphael, are also preserved.
Roman Catholic Parish.
Historical landmark number:
California Historical Landmark no. 220.
Mission San Rafael originally began as a hospital to take care of sick natives from Mission San Francisco de Asís. It was the first mission founded north of San Francisco Bay.
- October 19, 1822: San Rafael Asistencia is officially raised to mission status.
- February, 1829: Ex-mission Indians, under the leadership of Marino and Quintin, attack the mission.
- 1846: U.S. Army Capt. John C. Frémont uses mission as headquarters during Mexican-American War.
- 1855: U.S. Government restores 6 1/2 acres to the Catholic Church.